Trading with the EU after 31 October – intro to a two-part Brexit Facts4EU.Org summary

What are the trade options for when we leave on 31 October 2019?

© Brexit Facts4EU.Org

Readers have recently started asking us for a summary of the trading options for the UK, assuming we leave the EU on 31 October 2019 without a ‘divorce agreement’.

Firstly, the preferred option of a Free Trade Agreement would be impossible to negotiate in the time available. Such an agreement was initially offered by the EU in March 2017 but was ignored by Mrs May. The deal on offer was unacceptable as it cut Northern Ireland off from the rest of the United Kingdom, but it could have formed the basis for serious talks. These did not happen.

In the next two articles we will present a summary of the two remaining options

  1. Continuation of zero tariffs, under article XXIV of GATT (precursor to the WTO)
  2. A Brexit with no trade agreement, on WTO terms, but with 87% of all goods being on a zero-tariff basis

Brexit Facts4EU.Org will present a summary of each of these options, outlining the key points which readers need to know, and using everyday language. We also hope to present some commentary on these options by a leading MP who has a significant understanding of all the issues.

May’s Withdrawal Agreement had almost nothing to do with a trade deal

This is an important point to make. Theresa May’s Withdrawal Agreement (or the surrender treaty as we prefer to call it) is NOT a trade agreement. In fact it barely refers to trade.

This Withdrawal Agreement was drafted by the EU with the help of British Remainer civil servants and is little more than an imposition of all the UK’s EU membership obligations, but without having any say. It turns the UK into the EU’s first colony, with its laws adjudicated by a foreign court. Removing the infamous ‘backstop’ will not change the fact that the rest of this ‘deal’ is toxic.

Post-Brexit trade - MENU

  • Intro - Intro to trading with the EU after 31 October (this article)
  • Part 1 - Why Boris is right. A simple summary of the 'GATT XXIV' option.
  • Part 2 - Brexit with no trade agreement, on WTO terms, but with 87% of all goods being on a zero-tariff basis.


No taxation without representation

The fundamental democratic concept of “no taxation without representation” started in England in the 1600s and was developed in the 1760s by American colonists and was a rallying cry for American independence from the Crown. Since then it has become a central tenet of democratic societies.

Under Mrs May’s surrender treaty the British people would have had no representation whatsoever, but plenty of taxation. It would be interesting to know what Americans would think if this were explained to them. Indeed, we suspect that a sizeable proportion of the British people are also unaware of the full import of the so-called Withdrawal Agreement.

In the end May’s ‘deal’ was voted down three times by the House of Commons and should be declared as officially dead by all protagonists – and especially the two Conservative leadership contenders.

In the next two articles we will focus on two forms of trading arrangements between the UK and the EU which could be possible without a divorce deal imposed by the EU.

Brexit Facts4EU.Org, 29 Jun 2019

Click here to go to our news headlines
And please scroll down for comments on the above article.

Share this article on

Something to say about this? Scroll down for reader comments

Supported by MPs, MEPs, & other groups, our work has impact.

It presents a simple, positive, and factual case for a true Brexit NOW.

Please donate today, so that we can really extend the reach of our work for a clean Brexit.

Any credit card user

Quick One-off


From £5 - £1,000



From £3 per month

Paypal Users Only - Choose amount first

Quick One-off